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Windows 2000 Pro Tips

Disclaimer: The tips and instructions contained in this document may or may not work on your PC and/or Windows 2000. I take no responsibility in system or software problems due to applying any of the information contained in this document.

Last Updated 10-12-2001

Here are a few Windows 2000 Pro Tips. I will add more in time.




The following is a table depicting the range of megabytes per cluster size.
The table can be used to create FAT partition sizes that will utilize space efficiently.
1 megabyte = 1,048,576 bytes



File System

Cluster Size

0 - 255



256 - 511



512 - 1023



1024 - 2047



Any hard drive larger than 2047 megabytes, would need to be partitioned since the maximum partition size cannot exceed 2047 megabytes.

What is the total amount of space used by a folder (including sub folders)? You can use Windows Explorer or command line.

Using Explorer:

From the command line, just use the dir command with /s qualifier which also lists all sub-directories. For example, dir/s C:\WINNT will list all the files and folders in the WINNT directory. It will also show the total size at the end of the list.

Convert a FAT partition/drive to NTFS. Open a Command Prompt window and type convert /fs:ntfs. This is a one way conversion. Your partition will be converted on the next reboot.

Convert an NTFS partition to FAT. There are two ways to do this. The first would be to backup your NTFS partition and if it's greater than 2 gig, slice it up into 2 gig maximum partitions then format each to FAT. The second way would be to use Partiiton Magic version 5.0 or greater but beware if your NTFS partition is greater than 2 gig, you will have to slice it up into 2 gig partitions and convert each partition separately via Partition Magic.

Deleting an NTFS partition. Most of the time an NTFS partition can be deleted using FDISK and then delete the non-DOS partition. This will not work if the NTFS partition is in the extended partition. The only way to do this is use a utility called DELPART to delete it. You can delete an NTFS partition using Disk Administrator, by selecting the partition and pressing DEL (assuming it is not the system/boot partition).

Reading an NTFS partition from DOS or Windows 98. You can use a utility called NTFSDOS. This utility lets you READ an NTFS partition or drive but not WRITE.

Resizing an NTFS partition. Windows 2000 will not allow you to resize FAT or NTFS partitions. You have to use a 3rd party utility from PowerQuest called Partition Magic version 5.0 or greater.

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System Information

Windows Start-up options in boot.ini: Windows 2000 has several options you can use when starting your Computer:

[boot loader] section

[operating systems] section

Make an 2000 boot disk. Here's how:

If you only have Windows 2000 installed, you don't need the BOOTSECT.DOS file.
The floppy has to be formated in Windows 2000 to be a bootable diskette.

Create a multiple boot setup on your system. Have you ever wanted to boot Windows98, Windows 2000, DOS and maybe Linux from the NTLDR? There are a few utilities that will let you do that. One is Boot Partition. This freeware utility easily lets you setup a multiple boot system. The readme gives very easy instructions on how to use the utility.

Want to delete Windows 2000 from your system? Here's how (only if your system is using the FAT or FAT32 file systems):

Windows 2000 and Windows 98 can reside on the same computer. If you are currently booting between Windows 2000 and MS-DOS 6.2x, the following method is recommended before you install Windows 98:

If the Windows 2000 Flex Boot Loader does not appear at the end of the procedure above, do the following:

If only Windows 2000 resides on your computer:

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Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)

These instructions assume you already have your LAN configured and working. If not, take a look at this page for Windows 2000 network configuration information Windows 2000 Network Verification before you go any further.

Microsoft Support Articles for ICS:


Thanks go to Chris Schofield for these instructions!!

Setting up ICS on a Windows 2000 machine:


Fig .1a


Fig .1aa


Fig .2a



Setting up the client machine:

Setting up the client side for www, mail and news (dial-up users):

Setting up the client side www, mail and news (cable modem users):


Application Considerations:

For the below instructions, it is recommended that the client machine(s) have static IP addressing. If you "Obtain an IP address automatically", you could constantly be changing the IP address in the Services tab entries on the Windows 2000 ICS Settings. See DHCP addressing -vs- manually assigned IP addressing at the end of this Section.

mIRC Instructions to allow a CLIENT machine to DCC Chat/Send/Receive:

The configuration of the machines used for this example is as follows:


The instructions below are to be applied to the client machine’s mIRC app.

First things first, reconfigure mirc for the limited DCC port range to be used.


Fig .1b


Ok, mIRC is configured on the client machine.


The instructions below are to be applied to the ICS entries on the host Windows 2000 machine.

Windows 2000 ICS IdentD configuration:


Fig .2b


Windows 2000 ICS DCC port configuration for DCC CHATS / SENDS:


Fig .3b


Fig .4b


Using the steps listed above will allow identd requests to be forwarded and will also allow a maximum of 4 concurrent DCC SEND/CHAT combinations.


ICQ (version ICQ2000a) Instructions to allow file transfers (thanks go to Bernard Li for the ICQ instructions):


DHCP Addressing -vs- manual IP assigned addressing:

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For a nice system uptime utility, get uptime.exe from Microsoft.

Need a Windows boot floppy? Download this file (Windows 98 SE boot floppy create).

Looking for TWEAKUI? You can get v1.33 from Microsoft or tweakui.

Looking for a GUI ipconfig like Windows 9x's winipcfg? You can find a GUI download the free version called wntipcfg_setup.exe

Looking for a way to install applications or run applications with Admin rights?

Looking for Microsoft FrontPage Express? Microsoft discontinued including it with Internet Explorer starting with IE5.5 but you can navigate through this MS support page or click here to download the setup file.

To schedule your built in defrag, use this handle utility Below describes how to setup a .bat file and schedule the defrag. There have been reported problems with this utility but I have never experienced any problems. Visit this page

There is another Windows 2000 defrag call AutoDeFrag. Visit this page for details

Automatic Logon: If you're the only person using a given Windows 2000 PC, you can set Windows 2000 to automatically log you in at boot time. Open Control Panel, then Users and Passwords icon. Select a user from the list, then uncheck the "Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer" box.

Move the swap file: Got more than one Drive in your system? Put your swap file on a drive or partition separate from your WINNT directory for better performance. Right-click on My Computer, then select Advanced, Performance Options, and Change. Select the drive you want your swap file to go on. Type in the Initial and Maximum sizes, click Set. (Be sure to set the swap file on your system drive as well, although don't remove it completely unless you want to disable crash logging.)

Use Ctrl+Alt+Del for security: By default, Windows 2000 lets you log in without having to press Ctrl-Alt-Del to obtain the login screen. You can change this by opening the Control Panel and looking in the Users and Password. In the Advanced tab, check "Require users to press Ctrl-Alt-Delete before logging on."

Turn off the Start button's Personalized Menus: If you're not fond of Windows 2000 using the Personalized Menu system in the Start button menus, you can turn it off. Right-click on the Taskbar, select Properties, and deselect the "Use Personalized Menus" checkbox.

Windows 2000 Mini Web Server: Don't want to install Windows 2000 Server to do prototype web work? You can install a stripped-down version of IIS in Windows 2000 Professional. Click on Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel, select Add/Remove Windows Components. Select Personal Web Server and click OK.

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